All About Healthy Oils
What is Rapeseed Oil, Camelina Sativa Irish ‘Wild Flax’, Canola Oil?
Camelina Sativa Irish ‘Wildflax’ Oil
Camelina Sativa is a plant from the mustard family (Brassicaceae) and was used widely in Europe until the 1940’s when Rapeseed was introduced. It was commonly grown for its oil which was used as oil-lamp fuel.
It is a low input crop and is used as a break crop between wheat, oat and barley crop rotations. Other crops can also be incorporated into these rotations.
Camelina has many names: ‘gold-of-pleasure’, ‘false flax’, ‘wild flax’ (because it is commonly found growing together with common flax), ‘German sesame’ and ‘Siberian oilseed’ because it is a hardy, cold-tolerant plant that seems to deserve that name.
The root system of Camelina helps to break up the soil and create drainage for future crops. The plant is very ancient and has been used by humans for food for over 3000 years.
Newgrange Gold Camelina “Wild Flax” oil is very high in Omega 3 (38.6g/100ml) and contains vitamin E, which acts as an anti-oxidant. This gives it a much longer shelf life than Linseed oil/ Flax oil. It also boasts the best balance of Omega 3 to 6, which can help to reduce inflammation in the body.
The superior yields from rapeseed made it a more favourable crop than camelina sativa. Nowadays, the superior oil content of Camelina is becoming more widely known and it is slowly making a niche for itself.
Oil Seed Rape (Brassica Napus) is a plant from the Mustard family and originates from North America.
You will see fields of gold dotting the countryside in recent years transforming the landscape into an ever-expanding vibrant yellow patchwork each April and May.
The plant was introduced into Europe in the 1940’s as it had a higher yield than other oilseed crops.It is the third-largest source of vegetable oil in the world.
Rapeseed oil is High in Omega 3 and contains other essential fatty acids. It is also very high in vitamin E which acts as a natural anti-oxidant and prevents it from going rancid and gives it a high smoke point for cooking.
Newgrange Gold purchases its seed from local farmers in the Boyne Valley region.
The soil in the region is very good for producing a mild tasting rapeseed oil, while also providing it with a decent amount of Omega 3.
Canola oil comed from a type of Low Erucic Acid Rapeseed (LEAR) that is sold in the North America.
This type of culinary oil, like rapeseed oil you get in Europe, must come from a Oilseed Rape seed variety that have a erucic acid level of less than 2% and has low levels of glucosinate. Industrial rapeseed oil is usually High Erucic Acid Rapeseed (HEAR).
In North American countries, the term ‘rapeseed oil’ is used to refer to the oil for industrial use only, whereas ‘Canola oil’ is used to refer to the edible cooking oil.
However, in the Europe, ‘rapeseed oil’ is usually used interchangeably for both and the term ‘Canola oil’ is not really used at all.
Generally, Canola oil refers to refined or deodarised oils and not cold pressed oil, which maintain their nutritional value through the low heat cold pressing process.